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What Was the Name of the Peace Agreement between Israel and Egypt

However, this desire for peace did not begin with Sadat`s trip to Israel, but only came after more than half a century of efforts by early Zionist and Israeli leaders to negotiate peace with the Arabs. Every government in Israel`s history had declared their desire to live in peace with all Arab states, including those that ruthlessly attacked the Jewish state in 1948, 1967 and 1973. Peace between Egypt and Israel has held since the treaty entered into force, and Egypt has become an important strategic partner of Israel. Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, a former Israeli defense minister known for his close ties to Egyptian officials, said that „Egypt is not only our closest friend in the region, the cooperation between us goes beyond strategy.” [14] Carter`s advisers insisted on reaching an Egyptian-Israeli agreement that would lead to a possible solution to the Palestinian question. They believed in a short, cowardly and open relationship between the two countries, strengthened by the creation of a coherent basis for an agreement. However, Carter felt they were not „aiming high enough” and was interested in establishing a written „land for peace” agreement with Israel that would return the Sinai Peninsula and the West Bank. [13] On numerous occasions, the Egyptian and Israeli leaders wanted to break off the negotiations, only to be drawn into the process by personal calls from Carter. Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, like Sadat, was ready to go the extra mile to achieve peace. Although he met fierce opposition within his Likud party, Begin froze Israeli settlements in the West Bank to facilitate progress in negotiations.

Despite the Carter administration`s inclination toward Egypt during the talks, Begin remained determined to continue the peace process. In the end, he agreed to return Sinai strategically critical — 91 percent of the territory israel won during the Six-Day War — to Egypt in exchange for Sadat`s promise to make peace. Relations between Egypt and Israel have improved since 2017, when Donald Trump became president and Mohammed bin Salman became crown prince of Saudi Arabia. The United States, Egypt, Jordan and Saudi Arabia want the Palestinian Authority and Israel to sign a final peace agreement. So far, however, this prospect has been met with intransigence and hostility on both sides. A mechanism had yet to be put in place so that Israel and Egypt could continue the talks begun by Sadat and Begin in Jerusalem. [11] The Egyptian president suggested to Begin that Israel place a secret representative at the US embassy in Cairo. With the American „cover”, the true identity of the Israeli, who would interact between the Egyptian and Israeli leaders, would only be known to the American ambassador in Cairo. [11] On the 26th.

In March 1979, sixteen months after Egyptian President Anwar Sadat`s spectacular visit to Jerusalem, Israel and Egypt – longtime enemies – signed a peace treaty on the white house lawn in Washington, D.C. However, as Wright notes, there are many unresolved issues, especially when it comes to Palestinians who did not attend the Camp David Summit. „While Carter had good intentions to help the Palestinians, his policies and support for the Camp David Accords actually delayed them a bit,” Daigle said, noting that, among other things, he never supported the creation of an independent Palestinian state. Carter visited the heads of state he would have to rely on to make a peace deal workable. By the end of his first year in power, he had already met with Anwar Sadat of Egypt, King Hussein of Jordan, Hafez al-Assad of Syria and Yitzhak Rabin of Israel. Despite supporting Sadat`s peace initiative, King Hussein refused to participate in the peace talks; Begin offered Jordan little to gain, and Hussein was also afraid of isolating Jordan from the Arab world and provoking Syria and the PLO if he also participated in the peace talks. [7] Hafez al-Assad, who had no interest in negotiating peace with Israel,[8] also refused to come to the United States and only agreed to meet with Carter in Geneva. .

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